Proper nutrition is important for any living creature. The right Betta diet promotes energy, a good disposition, and good color. When choosing food for your Betta it is important to keep in mind what his needs are.
Betta fish are essentially carnivores, so they require a lot of protein. Hence, do not go the local fish store and just pick up any old bottle of fish food. Food that is appropriate for a colder water fish such as a goldfish will not meet the nutritional requirements of your Betta.
Your Betta needs to be fed at least once a day, but you may choose to feed them twice a day if you wish, just because it's fun to watch them eat. The biggest mistake you can make is overfeeding your Betta. It's best to start with a smaller amount than a larger amount. After all, you can always give him more if it's not enough. Observe your Betta as he eats. If he has not eaten everything you gave him within two minutes, it was too much.
Uneaten food remaining after two minutes should be removed immediately. If you allow it to remain in the tank, it can decompose, clouding the water and promoting the unhealthy growth of bacteria and fungi. Also, some Betta may continue eating, even though they're full, and this can lead to bloating and/or constipation, both unhealthy conditions for your Betta.
Your local pet store will carry at least a few brands of Betta pellet and/or flake food. All are adequate for basic nutrition and should be given to your Betta daily. If you want something more exotic, there are many resources online. You may also wish to supplement your Betta's need for protein with occasional treats, which can be found in many forms. I recommend limiting treats to once or twice a week.
Live treats. Because Bettas are carnivores, they do like to hunt. Live treats that will satisfy their inner hunter are blood worms, brine shrimp, and mosquitos.
Frozen treats. Frozen foods are easy to use because they can be kept indefinitely and then reconstituted as needed.
Freeze-dried treats. Possibly even easier than frozen treats. They keep well, require no reconstitution, and are sterile. You can find both freeze-dried blood worms and brine shrimp.
Feeding your Betta need not be complicated. By following the above guidelines, you will enjoy a long time together with your happy, healthy Betta.
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